# Shake camera on current position Unity3D

Basic principle should be like “Camera Target Position + Shake-Offset

public Transform target;
public float smoothTime = 0.3F;
private Vector3 velocity = Vector3.zero;

private const float _COROUTINE_FREQUENCY = 0.05f;
private Camera _mainCamera;
private Vector3 _initCamPos;
private bool _shaking;
private Vector3 shakeOffset = Vector3.zero; // the offset variable

void Start()
{
_mainCamera = Camera.main;
}

void Update()
{
// Define a target position above and behind the target transform
Vector3 targetPosition = target.TransformPoint(new Vector3(0, 0, -10));

// Smoothly move the camera towards that target position
transform.position = Vector3.SmoothDamp(transform.position, targetPosition, ref velocity, smoothTime);
if (Bullet.hit && !_shaking){
StartCoroutine(_ShakingCamera());
}

_mainCamera.position = targetPosition + shakeOffset; // set camera position here, shakeOffset is 0,0,0 when not shaking.
}

public void Shake(){
StartCoroutine(_ShakingCamera());
}

public IEnumerator _ShakingCamera(float magnitude = 0.2f)
{
_shaking = true;

_initCamPos = _mainCamera.transform.position;
float t = 0f, x, y;
while (t < 0.3f)
{
x = Random.Range(-0.35f, 0.35f) * magnitude;
y = Random.Range(-0.35f, 0.35f) * magnitude;

shakeOffset = new Vector3(x,y, _initCamPos.z); // define shakeOffset here

// _mainCamera.transform.position = new Vector3(x, y, _initCamPos.z); not required here, see Update()

t += _COROUTINE_FREQUENCY;
yield return new WaitForSeconds(_COROUTINE_FREQUENCY);
}

// reset offset:
shakeOffset = Vector3.zero;

// _mainCamera.transform.position = // not required here, see Update()
_shaking = false;
}


Then, whenever you want to move the camera (WASD, Mouse, Joystick…) you will just modify the targetPosition which then allows you to go crazy with the shakeOffset because you can Lerp that back to 0,0,0 whenever you want. So you can move the camera independent of the shake.

Note: Setting the position like I did here will “break” the SmoothDamp effect. You need to decide if the shake should be dampened, too, or if you want to move the camera smoothly and add the shake instantly (so if feels more aggressively). Also I didn’t test this code, but hopefully you got the point and understood the priciple.