If then conditional logic in regex in python

I am attempting to implement a conditional statement within regex, applied via the pandas.Series.str.extractall method. Given the reading I’ve done here, this seems like a pretty easy problem to solve, but I am still getting stuck…

I have the following regex in the Pythex tester:


As I understand it, (a) is my first test group. The conditional block (?(1)b|c) should attempt to match “b” if my first test group is a match, or else it will attempt to match “c”. The results I am hoping for are as follows:

  1. “b” = No Match
  2. “ab” = Match
  3. “c” = Match
  4. “ac” = No Match

The (a)(?(1)b|c) statement achieves 1, 2, and 4, but it misses 3… Any tips?

Thank you!

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