Development of a 2D finite element model for the investigation of the tread braked railway wheels thermo-mechanical behaviour

The main drawback of tread braking is the rail wheel heating due to friction sliding. Thermal stresses and strains can lead to wheel surface damages while at the same time fast cooling from high temperature can cause microstructural changes, with possible local formation of brittle martensite. Nowadays, the investigation of the wheel and shoe thermomechanical interaction is typically performed using finite element (FE) codes. The paper shows the development, implementation and preliminary validation of a 2D plane FE model for the calculation of the thermal field produced in a tread braked wheel due to drag and stop braking operations. The model includes a structural contact module for the static calculation of the normal and tangential contact pressure at the wheel-shoe interface and a thermal transient module, which computes the wheel temperature considering the friction heat flux and the cooling due to air convection and rail chill.

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