Nonlinear Finite Element Modelling of HF2V lead extrusion damping devices: A generic design tool


Supplemental energy dissipation devices are increasingly used to protect structures, limiting loads transferred to structures and absorbing significant response energy without sacrificial structural damage. The displacement of bulged shaft plastically deforms lead in the HF2V device, dissipating significant energy. HF2V devices are currently designed using limited precision models, so there is variability in force prediction. Further, while outcome force is predicted, the knowledge of the exact internal mechanisms resulting in these device forces is lacking, limiting insight and predictive accuracy in device design.

This study develops a generic finite element model using ABAQUS, to better understand force generation and aid in precision device design, thus speeding up the overall design and implementation process for uptake and use. The model is applied to 17 experimental HF2V devices of various sizes. The highly nonlinear analysis is run using ABAQUS Explicit with automatic increments to balance higher accuracy and computational time. The total force output is sum of the friction forces between lead and steel and the contact pressure forces acting between moving shaft and displaced lead.

FEM forces and plots of the 17 devices are compared to experimental device forces and test plots. The errors from force comparison for all 17 devices range from -8% (over-prediction) to +39% (under-prediction) with a mean absolute error of 7.6% and a signed average error of 4.7%, indicating most errors were small. In particular, the standard error in manufacturing is SE = ±14%. 13 of 17 devices (76%) are within ±1SE of of 14%; 3 of 17 devices (18%) are within ±2SE (±28%), and the last has -39% error which is within ±3SE = ±42%. These results show low errors and a distribution of errors compared to experimental results that are within experimental device construction variability.

The overall modelling methodology is objective and repeatable, and thus generalizable. The results validate the overall approach with relatively very low error, providing a general modelling methodology for accurate design of HF2V devices.


Vishnupriya V, Rodgers G, Chase JG (2021). Nonlinear Finite Element Modelling of HF2V lead extrusion damping devices: A generic design tool. ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering. Accepted, in-press.
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ANZSRC Fields of Research

40 – Engineering::4005 – Civil engineering::400506 – Earthquake engineering
40 – Engineering::4005 – Civil engineering::400510 – Structural engineering
40 – Engineering::4005 – Civil engineering::400509 – Structural dynamics
40 – Engineering::4017 – Mechanical engineering::401702 – Dynamics, vibration and vibration control


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